Approximately 39,510 women and 410 men will die of the disease this year.Breast cancer cells can be ER+, meaning they are sensitive to estrogen, progesterone receptor positive (PR), indicating they are fueled by progesterone, or hormone receptor (HR) negative, suggesting they aren’t affected at all by hormones. An ER- status means the cancer is not spurred on by estrogen, but its growth may or may not be influenced by progesterone.
Carotenoids include a group of more than 700 micronutrients that help add deep green, yellow, orange or red colors to vegetables and fruits. Beta-carotene and lycopene are common carotenoids found in veggies. Some produce high in the compounds include carrots, pumpkins, sweet potatoes and tomatoes. Previous research on carotenoids have shown that they can stop tumors from growing and lower estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) and ER- cancers from multiplying.
Researchers analyzed eight earlier studies, which included more than 80 percent of the published data on blood levels of carotenoids and breast cancer. Carotenoid levels were recalculated to account for differences in laboratories across different populations. For more than 3,000 case subjects there was a statistically significant link between higher carotenoid levels and lower breast cancer risk. A diet high in carotenoid-rich fruits and vegetables offers many health benefits, including a possible reduced risk of breast cancer.